The Canadian military participated actively in the subsequent blockade and war initially contributing three ships committed on August 24, Between this date and February 28, that marked the end of the war, Canada deployed more than 5, military personnel soldiers, sailors and airmen. There were no Canadian casualties attributable to combat or military action during the war. In the aftermath of the conflict, Canadians continued to serve in peacekeeping and embargo-enforcement efforts in the region.
Gulf War Veterans continue to be concerned about health problems in relation to their Gulf War service. Following the Gulf War, Veterans from Canada and other nations who had served in the region reported varying constellations of symptoms and illnesses that they believed were caused by exposures during their service but could not be explained by established medical and psychiatric diagnoses.
Their health concerns have been the subject of intense worldwide research in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other countries. Studies in Canada, Australia, the UK and the US found that self-reported non-specific symptoms and medically unexplained illnesses such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome were more prevalent in Gulf War Veterans than both in military personnel not deployed to the Gulf War and in civilians.
Research has not shown that Gulf War Veterans are more likely than comparison groups to have higher mortality rates, death by suicide, or an increased risk of cancer or doctor-diagnosed musculoskeletal disorders. In Gulf War Veterans, psychological stressors and psychological trauma were associated with self-reported health problems. There were similar associations between self-reported health problems and self-reported exposure to chemical warfare agents, hydrocarbons, consuming food not prepared by CAF and direct contact with dead animals.
Pesticides used in the Gulf War
The associations were highest for PTSD. Gulf War Veterans also reported higher numbers of children with birth defects before, during and after the Gulf War. The symptom prevalences could not be explained by the stress of multiple deployments or dangerous conflict duty. The adverse health outcomes were widespread and not concentrated in a few. No specific type of Gulf War duty was associated with the health outcomes.
- Pesticides and Gulf War Veterans.
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The Goss-Gilroy study used only self-reported measures and reporting biases could not be assessed. Subsequent research using objective health measures has been evaluated in a series of evidence reviews by the U. In , Statistics Canada reported on a cancer and morality study using objective data linkage to look for possible long-term health effects of Gulf War service on mortality and cancer incidence up to 9 years following the deployments through The panel found that it was unlikely that Canadian Veterans were exposed to levels of depleted uranium which could be harmful to their health.
The panel noted that there are many Veterans suffering from persistent symptoms following deployment or military conflict which, although not linked to exposure to DU, can cause considerable suffering and can be effectively treated. The planned Canadian Forces mortality study is examining mortality and causes of death among Canadian military personnel, both serving and released. Since the method will link with Canadian death records, this study will provide a comparison of mortality rates relative to the general Canadian population.
Gulf War Veterans are included in this study. Importantly, the new understanding derived from these investments will be relevant to the health of all Americans now and for future generations. There are numerous considerations that must be addressed to implement a large-scale HMRP, such as financial and human resource costs, the availability and expertise of adequately trained personnel, the time required for project completion, ready access to well-curated data, the maintenance of confidential human health data, ethical considerations for investigations that include parents and children, and the implementation of appropriate health and risk communication strategies between and among organizations and veterans and their families.
Given these considerations, a practical approach to exploring generational health effects should leverage ongoing veterans' health research programs, such as the Million Veteran Program and the Millennium Cohort Study, the report says. The costs of designing and conducting an HMRP for any veteran cohort will be considerable, as demonstrated by the cost of similar programs such as the National Institutes of Health's National Children's Study and the All of Us Research Program, the report says.
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However, the costs of some of the underlying technologies -- for example, whole-genome sequencing -- have declined dramatically, and research results from the health monitoring program may translate into significant cost savings for the nation. The study was sponsored by the U. Department of Veterans Affairs. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are private, nonprofit institutions that provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions related to science, technology, and medicine.
They operate under an congressional charter to the National Academy of Sciences, signed by President Lincoln. For more information, visit nationalacademies.
New report calls for health monitoring and research program on Gulf War and post-9/11 veterans
A committee roster follows. Reporters may obtain a copy from the Office of News and Public Information contacts listed above. Kenneth S. Tracy L.
John R. Elaine M. Rafael A. Chan School of Public Health Boston. Stephen A. Linda A.